Why Present Perfect is the Most Useful Tense!

What is one thing that everyone has? A past. What is one thing people love taking about? Experiences! We have all been to places, seen interesting things and tried new foods, and it is great to share these experiences with other people.

When talking about past experiences, we can use different tenses. In simple past tense we would say ‘I went to Dubai once.’ Using present perfect – “I have been to Dubai.”

What is the difference? In English, the present perfect is used to talk about an action which started in the past and affects the present, because there is usually more to say – 'I have been to Dubai, and I would like to go again'.

Past simple is final because the event happened, and it is finished. To show you how this works, look at these examples:

I didn’t finish my report. (Final).

I haven’t finished my report. (I haven’t finished YET but there is still a possibility that I will).

Also, some ideas make more sense when you use the present perfect. You can say ‘I have never seen a real shark’ but it is grammatically incorrect to say ‘I never saw a real shark.’

The first example shows us how to form the present perfect. It always includes have or has for he/she/it and the past participle of a verb. The past participle of regular verbs follows patterns like this: